The blood often clears from the eye within a few weeks or months. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease and a leading cause of blindness in the United States. Medicines that are injected into the eyeball may help prevent abnormal blood vessels from growing. In cases that persist, laser treatment is often used. Earlier the operation occurs, the more likely it is to be successful. As with diabetic retinopathy, there may be no symptoms early in hypertensive retinopathy. They may also use fluoresce in angiography, which involves injecting a dye into a vein of the arm and taking a series of retinal photos to detect signs of leaky blood vessels. Laser surgery can greatly reduce the chance of severe visual impairment. Macular enema: swelling or thickening of the macula caused by fluid leaking from the retina's blood vessels.
Several factors influence whether you get retinopathy: how long you have had diabetes The longer you've had diabetes, the more likely you are to have retinopathy. Diet and exercise play important roles in the overall health of people with diabetes. Cataract also tends to develop at an earlier age in people with diabetes.